• Cotton is a soft, fluffy staple and natural fiber which is used as thread and winter clothes. • Cotton is the most important fiber crop of India and even the entire world. • Cotton covers the major part of the industry and agriculture economy of India. • Cotton covers about 4.7 percent of the total farming area in the country. • Cotton uses as raw material in the textile industry. • 40-50 million people are working in the cotton trade. • In India, it is produced on large scale and it is present largely in the regions like Maharashtra, Gujarat, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Rajasthan, Haryana, Tamil Nadu, and Uttar Pradesh. • Gujarat is the largest producer of cotton. Maharashtra and Punjab have come after Gujarat.
India is one of the largest producers of cotton in the world. In India, cotton is grown in three zones, i.e, North Region (Punjab, Haryana, and Rajasthan), Central Region (Gujarat, Maharashtra, and Madhya Pradesh), and South Region (Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, and Karnataka).
Maharashtra is the largest producer in India. It produces 29.7 percent of the total cotton production of India. Maharashtra is a traditional producer of cotton.
Gujarat is the 2nd largest cotton-producing state in India. It produces 19.33 percent of the total cotton production of India and 21.33 percent of the cotton area of the country. Two-thirds of the production comes from Gujarat including Bharuch, Surendemagar, Vadodra, and Ahmedabad districts.
3. Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh produces 12.46 percent of the total cotton production of India. Two-thirds of the production of Andhra Pradesh comes from two districts, namely Guntur and Prakasam.
Punjab produces 12.42 percent of the total cotton of India. Punjab is producing some of the best qualities of cotton in India. Cotton production largely comes from the Malwa region.
Haryana produces 11.91 percent of the total cotton of India. Haryana is the 5th largest producer of cotton in India. Approximately 80 percent of the production comes from Hissar, Sirsa, and Fatehabad districts.
6. Madhya Pradesh
In Madhya Pradesh, More than 80 percent of the production comes from Malwa.
This state produces 4.22 percent of cotton in India. 8. Rajasthan
Rajasthan covers about 2.9 percent of the production of the country. Ganganagar is the most important cotton-producing district of Rajasthan.
9. Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu covers about 1.55 percent of the total production of the country.
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