Sikkim Agriculture | Sikkim is 100% Organic | Organic Farming in Sikkim | Crops Grown in Sikkim
Sikkim is the smallest state which is present in North-East India. The state is called a mountainous state because the whole state covers with mountains. Agriculture is the heart and backbone of the Sikkim. It covers 16% of the state GDP and supports more than 65% (Approximately) of the population.
Sikkim Organic Mission was launched in 2015 and the main aim of this mission was to shift the subsistence agriculture to commercial agriculture of the state. The crop was shifted from Food Crop Farming to Large Cardamon Farming for a high-profit margin by the farmers of this state.
With the collective action, Sikkim became India's first 100% Organic State.
At present, all the farming in Sikkim is done by organic products without the use of any chemical harmful products. This makes Sikkim state a safer food area and more environment-friendly area. In November 2016, CSE (Centre for Science and Environment) visited Sikkim and survey 16 farms of the state. It was found that farmers were not only satisfied with organic farming but delighted with organic farming. It is a big lesson for India or even the whole world.
The crops which are grown in the Sikkim: 1. Wheat 2. Paddy 3. Maize 4. Barley 5. Buckwheat 6. Cardamom 7. Potatoes 8. Tea, Etc
Important Organic Crops of Sikkim which are profitable for the farmer: These are oranges, large cardamom, ginger, turmeric, cherry paper, baby corn, buck heat, pulses, etc
All these crops have high demand in India or even in the World.
1. Sikkim Mandarin Orange: Mandarin orange is the most common fruit which is grown in India. Sikkim Mandarin Orange is a fruit that is the most important commercial fruit in Sikkim. Sikkim Mandarin Orange is not only popular in Sikkim but also in the whole of India.
2. Large Cardamom: Large cardamom is one of the most important cash crops cultivated in the Himalayan state of Sikkim. Sikkim is the highest producer of Large cardamom in India covering a 70% share of the Indian market.
3. Black cardamom: Black cardamomis4-6 times the size of small cardamom and it has an aroma taste when used in rice and other crops. It is also used in a wide range of beverages and sweets.It is one f the most important and popular ingredients of pan masala.
4. Ginger: Ginger is an important commercial crop that has aromatic rhizomes and is used both as spice and medicine.It is an old crop of Asia and originated from South-East Asia.
5. Baby Corn: Recently, Baby Corn farming is developed in Sikkim. The motive of the crop is to maximize the economic condition of farmers. The crop potential in the state is visualized from the production and productivity of maize. From less capital, maize is the only crop in Sikkim which is successfully grown in a large area of Sikkim.
6. Turmeric: Turmeric is an important spice used conventionally as a natural food that has food orange-yellow color and flavor like aroma. It acts as an antiseptic that is used in a beauty treatment or the cosmetic industry.
Conclusion: In India, Sikkim is producing the highest amount of Cardamom. It is the second crop that is cultivated in a large area and comes after the potato crop. Another agriculture of Sikkim is tea. Sikkim is known for producing a unique and special variety of tea that is known for its taste and quality throughout the world. Tea crop plays important role in Sikkim agriculture. Therefore, it can be said that agriculture is the most important part of Sikkim.
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